Glass Tanks: Incorrect Tortoise Housing: Read more

Tortoise vs Turtle Infographic: Read more

Healthy Shell Development: Read more

Abnormal vs. healthy beak growth: Read more

Does my tortoise need a buddy or friend? Read more

Is a tortoise the right pet for me? Read more

Is processed tortoise food nutritionally complete? Read more

Basking vs. non-basking tortoises: What’s the difference? Read more

Proper Substrate: Read more

How to Hang a Reptile Light: Read more

How and why to soak a tortoise: Read more

Making it easy: Natural, fresh, varied tortoise diets: read more

Sulcata vs. Greek Ibera: Read more

Feed your Sulcata correctly! Read more

The truth about Sulcatas: Read more

Interested in adopting? How much space do I need? Read more

How to find an exotics vet: Read more


Reading List:

Cook, Tess, Box Turtles, A complete guide to Terrapene and Cuora, Neptune City, NJ: T. F. H. Publications, Inc., 2008

Franklin, Carl J. and Killpack, David C., The Complete North American Box Turtle, New Mexico: ECO Herpetological Publishing & Distribution: 2009

Vesjoli, Philippe de and Klingenberg, Roger, The Box Turtle Manual, The Herpetocultural Library, Series 300 , Lakeside, CA: Advanced Vivarium Systems, 1995

Pingleton, Mike, Practical Care and Maintenance of The Redfoot Tortoise Geochelone carbonaria in Captivity, London: Carapace Press, 2001

Pingleton, Mike, The Redfoot Manual, A Beginner’s Guide to the Redfoot Tortoise, Champaign, Illinoise: Art Gecko Publishing, 2009

Baskin-Salzberg, Anita and Salzberg, Alan, Turtles. New York: Franklin Watts, 1996

Bonin, Franck, Devaux, Bernard, and Dupre, Alain, translated by Pritchard, C. H., Turtles of the World, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006

Ernst, Carl H. and Lovich, Jeffery E., Turtles of the United States and Canada, revised and updated with new species names, 2nd edition, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press: 2009

Highfield, A. C., Practical Encyclopedia of Keeping and Breeding Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles, London: Carapace Press, 1996

Highfield, A. C., The Tortoise and Turtle Feeding Manual, London: Carapace Press, 2000

Chitty, John; Raftery, Aidan; Blackwell, Wiley, Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2013

Ebenhack, Amanda, Health Care & Rehabilitation of Turtles and Tortoises, Living Art publishing, 2012.

Hatkoff, Isabella, Hatkoff, Craig, and Kahumbu, Paula Dr., Owen & Mzee The True Story of a Remarkable Friendship, New York: Scholastic Inc., 2006

Hickman, Pamela, Changing the Future for Endangered Wildlife Turtle Rescue, New York: Firefly Books, 2005

McCarthur, Stuart; Wilkinson, Roger; Meyer, Jean, Medicine and Surgery of Tortoises and Turtles, Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2004

Turtle Conservation Coalition, TURTLES IN TROUBLE The World’s 25+ Most Endangered Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles 2018, Canada: Hemlock Printers, 2018.

Stanford, Craig B., The Last Tortoise, A Tale of Extinction in Our Lifetime, Cambrideg: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2010

Wilson, Richard & Robyn, The Care and Breeding of the African Spurred Tortoise Geochelone sulcata. London: Carapace Press, 1997


Reputable Websites:

Russian tortoise:


  • Excellent website with edible/toxic plant list
  • Detailed enclosure plans for temporary and permanent housing
Sulcata and Leopard tortoise:


  • Excellent website with edible/toxic plant list
Greek tortoise:


  • Downloadable booklet covers all things Mediterranean tortoise
  • Including plant list
World Chelonian Trust:


  • Excellent site for species descriptions
  • Excellent data regarding import/export statistics of the turtle/tortoise trade
  • Excellent care sheets
North American Box Turtles:
UV Guide UK


  • An excellent site for all reptile keepers wanting to learn more about correct lighting.
Tortoise Trust:


  • Excellent care sheets
  • EXCELLENT article on the causes of pyramiding disorder